The veneration of the images made in accordance with Christian traditions served as a basis for the development of this art form and a means for religious understanding. The images were formed by the artists based on myths, legends, and their personal perception of how the historic person should look. The authority and prowess of some people allowed them to influence others and create the illusion of veracity of the depicted image. In addition, elaborate details of the appearance was a necessity in the artists’ works, that’s why it was considered accepted practice to use the appearance of people who matched the artists’ ideas as reference.
Studying the appearance of Jesus Christ familiar to modern man, forensic experts from Tyumen and St. Petersburg used modern techniques to establish and prove that this type of appearance was formed by Leonardo da Vinci. He was assisted by his apprentice – the artist Andrea Solari. This method helped to determine the appearance of Leonardo da Vinci.
In general, experts claim that the Renaissance led to a revision of iconographic principles of portraying religious subjects. Ancient Art was the foundation of the Renaissance. The development of European culture was influenced by the slogan ‘beauty will save the world’. In fact, a small number of painters and sculptors formed the modern way of life, and the principles of embellishment and exaltation became the behavioral norm in society.
Leonardo da Vinci and his pupils used his own facial features to create the image of Jesus Christ for about 10 years, taking into account age-related changes. Moreover, the differences in style and quality of the paintings created the illusion of image variety. This is how the common image of Jesus Christ was formed. Signs of Leonardo da Vinci’s appearance are present in the works of Andrea del Verrocchio, Sandro Botticelli, Andrea Solari, Francesco Melzi.
Unfortunately, not all of the paintings meet the requirements of a modern portrait evaluation. The paintings which were previously considered the works of Leonardo da Vinci were also studied. Among them, the work of Golbeyn Junior – Portrait of Charles de Saulieu. Up to the middle of the 19th century, it was widely considered that the author of this portrait was Leonardo because of the position of the left hand index finger.
Leonardo da Vinci deserves credit for setting the creation of living, truthful art as his primary goal. Therefore, correct bodily proportions and precise mathematical calculations were the basis of his works. For example, while creating a marble bust, two-tone stone was used in such a way that the effect of a halo crowning the head was achieved.
The organizer of the research, Vyacheslav Senatorov, acknowledged the existence of at least two more works created by Leonardo da Vinci. A certain logical sequence in the works of this great Italian artist was established in the course of the study.
According to Vyacheslav Senatorov, the mystery of the most famous portrait of Leonardo da Vinci, known as the Mona Lisa, was also solved. This is not a simple allegation as a certain evidence base has already been collected. However, at the last moment, the researchers have decided not to publish the results because they themselves are not ready for the resonance in society that could be caused by this information.
“Now the important thing is how society perceives the research connected with the Leonardo da Vinci’s self-portraits because the Renaissance is in fact a revolutionary form of social development, but even in the 21st century the violent Middle Ages still exist” – he said.