Monthly Archives: Февраль 2017

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“Pharmasyntez-Tyumen” The plant continues to modernize, in accordance with international GMP standards of quality. At the moment we are working on several projects that are at various stages of implementation.


Recall that the plant is established in the regional center in early 2015 the company “Pharmasyntez” on the basis of which was in the process of bankruptcy “YugraFarm”. There are already producing infusion solutions. It is planned to establish production of hormones, which today is not Russia. For construction of this complex is prepared playground.

For the production of glucose-lowering drugs purchased Rotary Tablet and packaging line. Purchased and filling line for glass containers, and inspection machine for the creation of radiopaque agents. The volume of investments amounted to RUB 613.8 million. Finish the installation and commissioning of the equipment planned for the current year by March.

As part of the technical re-acquired as machine, Colloidal mill and various laboratory equipment, replaced the water treatment system. The amount of investments – 48.5 million rubles. The modernization of the boiler room, warehouse reconstruction, landscaping and drainage invested more than 15 million rubles. The company employs 217 people, has created an additional 32 new jobs.

Recall that at the meeting the governor Vladimir Yakushev and president of the company “Pharmasyntez” Vikram Singh Punii in 2015, the parties discussed not only the process of modernization and technical re-equipment of the enterprise, but also the promotion of the regional government in addressing infrastructure issues related to the implementation of the investment project.

Then Mr. Puniya stressed that conditions in the Tyumen region are favorable for business, and the head of the region, in turn, assured investors that the government will support the project.

“This investment project is very relevant. To some extent, it solves the problem of import of medicines, and most importantly – the company has experience in this direction “, – said Vladimir Yakushev.

JSC “Pharmasyntez” works in the market of medical products since 1997, its activities are primarily focused on the development and production of drugs for the treatment of socially significant diseases, such as tuberculosis, HIV / AIDS, cancer, blood diseases.

The company is a leader in the production of anti-TB drugs in Russia. Since 2011 she is in the top 10 leading pharmaceutical companies in Russia on the dynamics of the release of drugs. Production volume – 30 million units per year. Three plants in Irkutsk and Ussuriysk now shipped about 70 names of drugs in various dosage forms and dosage: capsules, tablets, granules, infusion solutions.

Add project is implemented with the support of Department of Investment Policy and State Support of Entrepreneurship of the Tyumen region.

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Gennadiy Buhtin, the acting Governor of the Okrug, commissioned by the head of the Okrug Natalya Komarova, held a meeting with regard to her business trip. During the meeting was considered the progress of construction work at the objects in Oktyabrskiy District. “All the objects are at a high level of availability and should be put into operation during this year”, pointed out Gennadiy Buhtin.


The Culture and Leisure Centre in the urban-type settlement Oktyabrskiy was the first to pass inspection. According to Vladidmir Timofeev, Deputy Head of Administration for construction, housing and communal services, transport and communications, the object is ready in regards to general construction works. Final finishing is about to be completed, furniture assembling and arrangement are in the progress.

It should be mentioned that the construction of the centre is implemented under the “Development of Culture and Tourism in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra in 2016-2020”state program. The planned date of putting the object into operation is April 2017.

Another long-awaited object is the complex “school-kindergarten” in Komsomolskiy village. As reported by Vladimir Timofeev, the availability of certain types of work varies in the range of 98 to 100 percent. “Commissioning and installation of the technological equipment are in the progress.”

The construction of the complex is under public control. Boris Melnichuk, a member of social council within Municipal Administration for housing and communal services, thanked the Head of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug for the work. “This object is very long-awaited. We are looking forward to see it”.

The members of the meeting assessed the construction progress of a kindergarten in Karymkary village of Oktyabrskiy District. Public works are completed by 90%, utility system installation is in the progress. The kindergarten is scheduled for opening at the beginning of the following academic year.

As reported by Artem Kopilov, the acting Head of Housing and Construction Supervision in Ugra, 4 inspections were held on the object. The faults detected earlier were removed. Next inspection is to be held in March this year.

“The village is developing. The birth-rate is getting higher year by year. We are waiting for this kindergarten”, said Larisa Cherkasova, a member of social council within the administration of Oktyabrskiy District.

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The mayor’s office in Salekhard – Russia’s only city on the Polar Circle, will organize ecology activities in 2017, head of the city’s administration Ivan Kononenko told TASS.


“The city will organize twelve ecology actions to clean the territory, the water and forest areas from illegal waste disposals,” he said. “We shall plant new trees.”

“Salekhard, like any other city, of course faces ecology problems, but the administration is doing everything possible to solve them,” he continued. “For example, we are now reconstructing the sewage treatment facilities.”

In 2016, he continued, the city decided to engage in activities aimed at preserving the environment, during which 4,000 cubic meters of waste was removed, and about 900 new trees were planted.

“We have a special service monitoring the environment,” the official said.

Authorities of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District told earlier they would allocate almost 300 million rubles for the environment issues in 2017. During the Year of Ecology the region will have about 70 actions, including to clear the Arctic rivers’ shores, to close old wells and to have big cleaning on the islands Belyi and Vilkitsky in the Kara Sea.

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Ishim cakes, cookies and biscuits will be available at the end of February. Multi-line for the production of flour and confectionery products ready for use. Ends commissioning. According to the investor Vladimir Lukoshin, formed a team of employees who will work on the production of confectionery products. The experience of the Novosibirsk, Omsk, Penza region, specializing in the production of cakes and cookies.


“Initially, the line will produce – 200 tons of carrots, and – 100 tonnes of biscuits a month. Universal ovens and powerful modern equipment allow at any time to expand the range of products “, – said Vladimir Lukoshin.

Investment in the project left – 25 million rubles. Part of the financial support provided to the project proponent Fund “Investment Agency of the Tyumen region.” The plant will create about – 30 new jobs.

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University of Tyumen scientists collected water quality data of 250 water bodies in the territory of Western Siberia as part of a project to analyze water cleanliness.


Since 2010, employees at the UT have been working on a massive project entitled “Formation of water quality and ecosystems in the conditions of anthropogenic pressures and climate change in Western Siberian regions.”

The complex studies have allowed researchers to make conclusions about the water quality. For example, the researchers found critical levels of pollution and substantiated regional water quality standards, taking into account the specifics of Western Siberia.

According to Dr. Vitaly Khoroshavin, the Director of the Institute of Earth Sciences, experts have noticed the impact of the global transport of acidifying substances in the lake water of the Arctic sector in Western Siberia. In addition, they recorded a low degree of stability in the tundra and taiga landscape watersheds and aquatic ecosystems against the acidification processes.

“We revealed an interesting phenomenon – the abnormal content of nitrogen compounds in the lake waters,” he also noted. “According to this factor, we outline several hypotheses. However, our conclusions will not be finalized for some time.”

The project is based under the UT Water Quality and Stability of Aquatic Ecosystems and Ecotoxicology Laboratory, directed by Tatiana Moiseenko. Moiseenko is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and head of the department of ecology and biogeochemistry, Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of Russian Academу of Sciences (Moscow).

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Decline in consumption of venison and fresh river fish along with cut in distances covered on nomadic pasture routes ushers in modern curse.


Subtle changes in traditional lifestyle of native ethnic groups in the Yamalo-Nenets region have brought the first-ever cases of obesity. Until now, fatness has not existed in these population groups, but scientists say there has been a marked change.

Alexey Titovsky, regional director for science and innovation, said: ‘It never happened before that the small local indigenous peoples of the north suffered from obesity. It is a nonsensical modern problem. Now even a predisposition to obesity is being noticed.’

Changes have seen the intake of venison and river fish cut by half, he said. ‘Over the past few years the diet has changed considerably, and people living in the tundra started eating so-called chemically processed products.’

Researcher Dr Andrey Lobanov says nomadic herders nowadays often buy instant noodles in villages on their pasture routes and this has led to ‘dramatic changes to the rations of the people living in the tundra’.

‘This food is easy to transport, easy to make,’ he said, while also saying the nomadic groups – from the Nenets and Khanty ethnic groups – have added sugar, pastry, pasta, and bread to their diets.

‘The problem is that carbohydrates do not contain the necessary micro elements, which help survival in Arctic conditions,’ he said. ‘The seasonal diet has also changed – the periods when they do not eat traditional food and replace it with carbohydrates has become longer.’

He said: ‘The indigenous can digest carbohydrates and sugar in particular. They can digest maybe even better than Europeans and this causes the problem. The volume of consumed carbohydrates increases significantly. They replace their traditional food with them.

‘Besides, taste sensitivity to sucrose increases with time. The more a person eats sugar, the more he or she needs to feel the taste. So the consumption of sugar grows exponentially.’

The distance of pasture routes of nomadic herders with their reindeer have halved over the past 25 years, he said. The routes are also more circular now, around settlements and also facilities exploiting oil and gas, of which the Yamal peninsula has vast reserves.

But there has been a ‘silent revolution which is almost unnoticed’, and which is contributing to the arrival of obesity in the Arctic.


‘In 2014, most of the families got their incomes from selling venison and fish,’ he said. ‘Now the main income comes from the sale of reindeer antlers. The currency rate has changed, and the demand has increased in the south-eastern countries. That is why the profitability of the antler business has increased several times.’

As a result, the ‘logistics’ or economic basis of nomadic herding has changed.

‘You have more chance to sell antlers for good price if they are freshly cut,’ he said. ‘That is, the family needs to move closer to a settlement, or road, or trading post, to deliver the antlers to a drying or freezing facility as soon as possible,’ he said.

Getting the best price for venison has also changed the routes of herders, minimising their age-old nomadic patterns.


‘They also try to be closer to oil and gas deposits, because there they can sell the venison all year round,’ he said. ‘Shift workers will always buy fresh venison – and for a good price.

‘The closer you are to a settlement, the cheaper are the products you buy, because gasoline is very expensive and the price of the products increases with the distance.

‘It turns out that it is very profitable now for the indigenous peoples to stay closer to the settlements, and their family well-being rises sharply. They also want to use benefits of civilization – to go to the shops, have good mobile connection, solve some issues with officials quickly. These are pure economic reasons.’

They are also a change in how these people lived including during the Soviet era.

‘At the same time tundra ecosystem cannot bear such a load. It changes. Problems of overgrazing have appeared. And their routes change dramatically.’

Here climate is a factor. ‘The climate on Yamal changes very quickly, maybe faster than in other places,’ he said. ‘For example, this summer herders did not pass even half of their usual route. Instead, they returned to their winter pastures. New plants, grasses have appeared, and reindeer eat them instead of moss.’

This all has an impact on the diet of the the Arctic nomads, he said. ‘The change in routes and climate leads to the fact that the diet also changes,’ he said. ‘Fish always was a sufficient – maybe the largest part of the indigenous diet.

‘But as they would not carry big stocks of food, the point was to come to be in the right place at the right time. Earlier, for example in the late 19th and early 20th century, the pasture routes were huge.

‘The indigenous people would travel from Tazovsky district to Khanty-Mansiysk to the annual fair, and even sometimes to Tobolsk. And the route worked like clockwork.’


He said that ‘the lack of traditional venison and fish in the diet is bad not only for indigenous people.

‘Every population is better eating traditional balanced food, than to replace it with carbohydrates and products from other regions. It can be more significant for Arctic, because the conditions are harsh and to adapt better to climate, traditional food is better.

‘For example – to avoid the frostbite, it’s good to eat venison. If you want to increase the resistance to cold stress, eat the fish fat, for example, of broad whitefish. If you want to prevent hypertension and respiratory disease, you need pike, or burbot.’

He said that the Nenets people – who number some 45,000 – are open to guidance about their diets. ‘Locals are interested very much in a balanced diet, they see the problem and seek advice.’

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Scientists are working on ecology-friendly technology for drill waste disposal and processing in the Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi autonomous districts and in the Tyumen region, Deputy Director General of the Neftegazproekt scientific-research institute Yaroslav Bogaichuk told TASS.


Our scientists are working on “low-cost technologies for disposal of drilled solids, so that it is possible to drill without building necessary solids’ storage facilities,” he said. The project will be of high demand in future large-scale development of the Arctic.

“The scientists are facing the task to offer disposal technologies, where drilled solids are processed so than they may be used later on as a soil substance, which could be used for restoration of destroyed ground,” the institute’s deputy director general said. “Our scientific studies and new methods are of advanced character, and one of the main tasks for the department of cryogenic resources is to forecast possible risks in the permafrost zone, development of solutions to avoid potential accidents, damage and destruction of fragile balance in the Arctic ecosystem.”

The department appeared as a part of the Neftegazproekt institute in 2016. Its specialists are involved in high-technology work, including research of melting, thawing, frozen ground, ice, groundwater, modeling of various interaction between natural and man-made environment, forecast of natural and geotechnical risks, development of recommendations to reduce man-made impacts on the environment.

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On 13 February, Dr. Peter Hiller, head of the Germanic Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) office in Russia, visited Tyumen for the first time. He was accompanied by Anja Hess, the head of the DAAD Information Centre in Novosibirsk.


The DAAD representatives met UT Rector Valery Falkov and held working sessions with the UT staff members under the direction of Dr. Andrey Tolstikov, Vice Rector for Research and International Affairs.

“It is my first time here and we are really interested in collaboration with the University of Tyumen. We were glad to get the invitation as it expresses the interest of your university in strengthening existing contacts. It is nice to know that you have a lot of partners in Germany. We would like to find new ways of cooperation and today my UT colleagues and I have begun negotiations,” Peter Hiller commented.

It should be noted that the UT has strong connections with Germany, with nine current German partner universities. Among them, include are major, well-known universities such as the University of Passau and the University of Münster.

Moreover, the University of Tyumen holds the annual summer school “Siberian Western,” during which German students come to Tyumen to learn about Siberia. In 2016, teaching within the program was done by the lecturers participating in the “Northern Studies” (EUSP), the employees of the UT Institute of History and Political Sciences and the specialists from the Institute of Northern Development Problems. The first two summer schools were organized with support from DAAD.

“As we all know, science does not exist without internationalization, as scientists always discuss emerging issues with each other. It’s just how science advances, and we know that this academic exchange is necessary. We are strongly in favor of active cooperation between our countries,” Dr. Hiller continued.

As a result of the meeting, the DAAD representatives and the UT administration reached a preliminary agreement on further cooperation in the field of academic exchanges.

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The Museum ensemble of the Tobolsk Kremlin – the white stone Tobolsk Kremlin – is the only one in Siberia. It is Located on the Cape Trinity, majestically towering above the lower city beneath and the Irtysh River.


The Tobolsk Kremlin was designed by the local architect Semyon Remezov. Legendary Pryamskoy vzvoz (steep road up the hill) organically connects the two parts of the city, passing under Dmitrievsky gates of the Kremlin.

The unique historical Kremlin complex includes the Bishop’s courtyard (religious power), Provincial yard (administrative authority), Gostiny Dvor/Merchant’s Court (the center of trade) and the Prison Castle. The main sight of the Tobolsk Kremlin is Sophia-Assumption Cathedral, built in 1686. It is the first stone building in Siberia. The observation deck offers a magnificent view of the lower city, the legendary Prince’s meadow, the Chuvash Cape – a place, where the battle between the armies of Yermak (Russian Cossack) and Kuchum (Tartar ruler) took place.

Nowadays there is the Tobolsk Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve, the residence of the Metropolitan Dimitry of Tobolsk and Tyumen-Tobolsk seminary on the Kremlin territory.

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Medieval and modern looters have destroyed most mass burials in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, and finding undamaged remains of mummies is great surprise for researchers, Aexei Zarodov, head of the archeology and ethnography department of the local museum complex.
Donat Sorokin/TASS
Donat Sorokin/TASS

“It is next to impossible to find well preserved remains in the burials of the XII-XIII centuries, since practically all burials had been robbed, and the looters had taken away all the metal they found – in order to smelt it and sell on black market,” he said. “Meanwhile, those objects of copper and silver used to protect mummies from destruction.”

The best known place in Yamal, where ancient mass burials were found is the Zeleniy Yar archeological complex. “The monument consists of several complexes – those are parts of the smelting shop, about the XI-XII centuries, and two burials – of the VIII-IX and XII-XII centuries,” the scientist said. “Two mummies were found there – of a warrior and of a teenaged boy – as well as many objects, which had been used in the burial ceremonies.”

“There are two reasons why the remains preserved well – the permafrost and the metal plates in the burials – made of copper, bronze and silver, as well as fur,” he explained. “Those are good preservers, which made it possible for the organics, including humans’ remains, last through to this time.”

“The looters nowadays see through most burials using metal detectors, and the most negative here is that they are destroying the burials exactly like the ancient marauders of the XV-XVI centuries,” he continued. “After them, scientists are unable to find mummies, as they become unprotected and get mixed with soil and remains of cloths.”

History of Zeleniy Yar’s research began in 1976 – at that time a scientist from Leningrad (St. Petersburg), Leonid Khlobystin, found a dwelling of ancient people there. Later on, in 1997, an expedition of local and the U.S. scientists found in a well there an edge of a grave with a part of skull. The research was suspended in 2002 to resume nine years later.

Black Warrior

In 2001, during the excavations in Zeleniy Yar, scientists found a mummy of a red-haired man, whom reporters nicknamed a “black shaman.” “He was about 40-50 when he died, and the burial is dated 1240,” the scientist said. “One of the bronze plates covered the body fully, and thus the mummy was in a very good condition.”

Archeologists supposed the man had been a warrior. “Next to him was an axe, tips of iron arrows, and a metal buckle, which was used as a pendant, and it was sewn to the garment. The man’s body was found in a sarcophagus, which resembles a modern boat; the warrior was wrapped in a cocoon of clothes. The mummy’s face remained undamaged, as the head was covered by a fur blanket, to which another copper plate was attached.”

“As of now, this is the only mummy, which is exposed to the public – the museum in Salekhard has special cooling equipment, which keeps certain temperature in the glass sarcophagus,” he said.

Scientists restored the warrior’s features using 3D scanning. “Clearly, he was of the Mongoloid race, but unfortunately it is practically impossible to identify the nationality – even tests cannot be helpful here as DNA could be close to that of the North’s indigenous peoples.”

New finding

In summer 2015, Russian scientists found the second well-preserved mummy.

At first, archeologists found a birch bark cocoon 1.3m long and about 30cm wide, in which they saw the mummy of a boy, about 6-7 years old. Right now, Russian scientists are testing the mummy’s DNA to find why the boy had died – whether the reason was an infection or maybe parasites.

First results of made research date the mummy to the XIII century. Next to the mummy were: a small copper axe, an object with figure of a bear, and temple rings of gilded silver. “Restorers have made colossal work on these objects – now they are at a museum, where they will be exhibited,” the scientist said.

This summer, Russian and South Korean researchers continued tests of the boy’s mummy. “By studying the intestinal tract’s substance, we shall learn more about parasites of the ancient people, and thus will know more about nutrition and diseases typical for the ancient people, who lived in Zeleiy Yar,” he continued. “Besides, we shall study samples of the mummies and mummies’ remains from Zeleniy Yar to see how the ancient and the modern peoples are connected genetically, and besides we shall analyze stable isotopes to reconstruct food preferences of the ancient people.”

The mummy has not undergone conservation, as “the issue of exhibiting is of the ethics origin – we say just ‘a mummy’, but for the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North it is a burial,” he said. “Right now, I cannot say whether we shall exhibit it, now we are only making scientific studies – in any case, we shall certainly consider opinions of the indigenous peoples.”

Scientists have found in the Zeleiy Yar medieval burial 30 burials and more than 15 mummies. During the 2016 expedition only, archeologists opened nine burials, but all of them turned out to have been robbed before the scientists found them.